React vs Bootstrap: Which Framework to Choose for frontend Development

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React vs Bootstrap

Do you think picking up a front-end framework for a new project is easy? While some prefer to go with the framework they are comfortable using, others keep trying different options until they find the one that’s efficient enough to deliver beyond expectations. And if you are already here to read about React vs Bootstrap then it shows that you are seriously concerned about which framework to choose for your project.

For a while now, experts in the industries are torn apart because of the debates about the best development framework. In the case of the front end, the top contenders include the name of React and Bootstrap.

Here in this article, we are going to have a comprehensive discussion and comparison between Bootstrap and React against standard parameters of the industry that will help businesses select the most suitable front-end development frameworks for their upcoming project. ‍


If a perfect Javascript library ever existed that can help developers create elegant user interfaces then it’s none other than React. This library was originally built by its creator to support the newsfeed of Facebook. And the most interesting thing that proves the efficiency and reliability of this JavaScript library is that Facebook still uses React and that too for more than one task. React is also popular for creating single-page applications or mobile apps. Maybe that’s why businesses around the world are looking to hire expert ReactJS developers in India. ‍‍


Bootstrap is an open-source framework that was initially launched on GitHub in 2011. You can integrate it easily with the frameworks of other programming languages like JavaScript, HTML, and CSS to create responsive and mobile-friendly websites. Bootstrap is known to build upon the design templates provided by CSS and HTML for navigation, buttons, modals, forms, tables, and more. The creation of those responsive websites is possible because of the utilization of Javascript plugins.

If you are looking for a frontend development framework that can make your web development process fast and easy then Bootstrap is the perfect choice for you. And the best thing is that it’s free to download and use. ‍

React vs Bootstrap

Performance Comparison

Performance is the most important aspect of a digital product especially if the project is complex and extensive.

Bootstrap employs a user-centric approach to development and it’s easy to use. Although Bootstrap is equipped with a vast library, sometimes developers choose to avoid this framework because most of these resources are unutilized. This could slow down the web performance. Unutilized resources also mean they are not tested and proven against real-world scenarios. That would be a big issue. 

On the other hand, React is faster in comparison to Bootstrap. It is also lightweight and has individual components that function in an exemplary manner. This component-based architecture helps developers create a robust SPA whereas its code reusability becomes helpful in removing all the clutter, faster page loading, and reducing DOM manipulation.

‍‍‍Application Architecture

Who doesn’t want flexible software?

But the real question should be does your technology allow your product to be flexible? You wouldn’t want strict enforcement of guidelines over your application architecture. After All the development frameworks aren’t supposed to be the standards or methods, they are more of a guide.

The architecture of the Bootstrap framework relies on two components for creating the View layer and logic layer. The first one is the views component which explicitly focuses on the visual displays. The second is a view controller that defines the behavior of the visual components of the Bootstrap framework.

Regarding architecture, React is unlike your typical frameworks or libraries. It doesn’t have any pre-built or predetermined architecture. The internal architecture of React is dependent on its components that work as a function. In a continuous interaction between the state of the app components and the user actions, the data keeps changing. Based on that, the components that work as a function render the user interface.

‍Ease Of Testing

It is necessary to do thorough testing of your product before releasing it into the market. You have to ensure that it performs up to expectations, complies with all the UI standards, and is user-friendly, scalable, and compatible.

Bootstrap doesn’t have any internal components to run the tests so, it would need compatible tools and third-party plugins to test the websites and apps created using Bootstrap. The framework has single reusable coding components that require no repetition which leads to the elimination of cross-browser bugs.

On the other hand, React offers key test runners that can make your entire development process more manageable. The test runners like Mocha, Jest, and more from React enable the QA teams to easily identify the issues in the actual browser environments.


The scalability of a web app is largely influenced by its development framework. So it is critical to choose a scalable framework if you want to create a scalable web app.

Bootstrap is widely known as the mobile-first framework. So it is safe to say that you can rely on this development framework to build scalable apps and websites. In addition to that. Bootstrap also allows you to scale up or down the responsive web content based on the user’s screen, app type, or browser.

‍React is built upon JavaScript so developers have to rely on the traditional approach to make their products scalable. This framework can be used to create scalable UIs based on component reusability and virtual DOM.

‍Suitability For Building Complex Applications

Both React and Bootstrap offer support for open-source projects, guidelines, third-party libraries, plugins, and official documents. But the true mettle of frameworks can be tested when they are compared for their ability to build complex products.

Bootstrap will be a quick one to pass the test. It offers everything you might need to successfully develop and deploy a complex web application. Themes, templates, built-in components, and more resources are availed by Bootstrap same as other popular CSS/HTML/JS front-end frameworks

React is largely used to create highly interactive single-page apps. It also offers support for external server-side rendering architecture like Redux and Flux.


In any organization, the implementation and compliance with security standards are always guided through technology frameworks. So, a development framework must provide the best security practices for the creation of a secure application.

Front-end frameworks often have many security vulnerabilities and Bootstrap is no different in that case. To get down to specifics, through the data-target attribute, Bootstrap has XSS vulnerabilities. And as reported by the developers, they are facing this issue even in the latest and updated versions of the framework.

React-based apps are also prone to XSS vulnerabilities but in addition to that, they are also vulnerable to server-side rendering attacks, SQL injections, and more. So, it is safe to say that it’s up to developers how they implement the best React application security practices that can ensure the security of the applications from external cyber threats.

‍User Experience

Another critical factor that influences your decision of selecting a framework is what kind of user experience it offers.

The primary goal of Bootstrap has always been to become a responsive front-end development framework that can provide an enhanced user experience. This responsive design of the framework alone is capable of offering consistency to developers, as well as end-users across all platforms. This ought to build trust and increase the value of the app.

Meanwhile, to increase the quality of user experience, React offers faster rendering of web pages and a high-quality user interface. Its third-party integrations also offer a smooth user experience.

‍Rapid Development

Sometimes, the speed of the development is crucial for the success of the project. So you have to pick a framework that can allow you to have rapid development.

Bootstrap is popular for providing extensive documentation that saves the valuable time of the developers. Bootstrap is considered to be a developer-friendly framework because it offers several class components that a developer doesn’t need much coding knowledge to build an app. To implement the Bootstrap framework, you just need to have a basic understanding of CSS and HTML. Hence, rapid development is possible with this framework.

Meanwhile, if you want to implement a React library, you must have a working knowledge of how to design a router system, and define configurations, and should also be equipped with a problem-solving approach. If you are skilled and have been working with an experienced team then you will find React to be more quick and efficient. So, you might be able to get the desired results if you have short-term goals.

‍‍Application Size

After reaching this point, there isn’t any doubt that the development framework you pick for your project affects the app. So, if you are working on a large project then the size of the app should be well within the scope of the framework.

The design content and the presentation influence the size of the Bootstrap framework. So yes, according to those factors, the size of this framework can vary.

But it is important to note that the straightforward and comprehensive Bootstrap app will have a minimum footprint regarding the size of its CSS and JavaScript files.

‍React is not a framework like Angular, it’s just a library. So, it should be able to make smaller apps but still, the size of React applications is comparatively bigger in comparison to other apps built using other front-end frameworks.

‍Code Maintainability

The term maintainability means that the developers should not face any troubles while analyzing the code or fixing the errors in it. Having a framework that allows you to write such code can be said to have offered the right functionality. Moreover, a framework should also be easily maintainable and adaptable.

Bootstrap helps developers in developing responsive web apps. And without writing a single line of code, it already offers a variety of templates, utility packages, and ready-made class components for your project. Even in the case of launching the app for separate devices, the reusable code of Bootstrap eliminates the rewriting process.

React has a component-based architecture that focuses on creating custom functionalities and UI components in a user interface and using logic for building meaningful functionalities. Once you get started with React, you will be developing functional and individual code snippets that are reusable in other modules as well as applications.

‍Learning Curve

The learning curve is the time frame a developer needs to be proficient at using the framework.

Although Bootstrap is a developer-friendly framework, it has a slight learning curve if you have experience working with HTML and CSS. Of course, learning about the Bootstrap components and CSS classes make the task very easy. Additionally, the development approach of Bootstrap is different from other front-end frameworks, i.e. mobile-centric app development so developers might have to take some time to adapt to the new style.

If developers are familiar with JavaScript then learning React will be quick and easy. If you are experienced then it won’t take much time to understand the architecture and workflow of React because you would already know thoroughly about the data flow and API structure in JavaScript.

A short amount of learning time means you can put together your development process faster. And you do not have to worry about adding a beginner or an experienced developer because both of them can easily get started with the framework if it has a short learning curve.


Both React and Bootstrap are in demand right now. So it wouldn’t be wrong to assume that they are close competitors when it comes to designing the best-customized UI for web apps.

Bootstrap is a template-based framework whereas React is component-based. There are many more differences between these frameworks that you understand after reading this article. It also shows what kind of unique traits these frameworks contain.

It would be wise to pick the framework that best suits your project requirements and not just because it is more trendy or offers exclusive features. Thanks for reading!

Stanislaus Okwor is a Web Designer / Developer based in Lagos - Nigeria. He is the Director at Stanrich Online Technologies. He is knowledgeable in Content management System - Wordpress, Joomla and PHP/MySQL etc

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